Discuss The Prevalence of Cysticercosis IN Badirisa, Adamawa State

Discuss The Prevalence of Cysticercosis IN Badirisa, Adamawa State

The Nigerian society today has to grapple with many behavioural problems of its youth. Such problems include truancy, disobedience, drug offences, assault, insult, stealing, violent, demonstration, vandalism, examination malpractices, robbery and secret cult activities (Nnachi, 2003). Apart from these widely publicized behavioural problems, heterosexual activities are also listed among types of behavioural problems prevalent in Nigeria secondary schools. These are variously named in the literature as sex abuse, sex offences, sexual misconduct, sexual immorality, sexual promiscuity and sexual maladjustment (Odoemelam, 1996; Adedipe, 2000; Ndu, 2000; Nnachi, 2003). Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay
The end of the nineteenth century and the early part of the twentieth century represented an important period in the invention of the concept we now call adolescence. Adolescence can be described as the period between the latter stage of childhood and early stage of adulthood (Health Foundation of Ghana, 2004). The World Health Organization (WHO) suggested adolescence to be the period between the ages of 10 and 19 or the second decade of life. Adolescence, therefore, refers to boys and girls who fall within this stage or period.


Sex education simply refers to the systematic attempt to promote the healthy awareness in the individual on matters of his or sound development, functioning, behavior and attitude through direct teaching. Sex is a topic, which most people would not like to talk about. The Nigerian parents’ attitude to sex is that the child will grow to know. In the home, when the child is present and parents are discussing issues about sex, even the adolescent child is kept away from sight. An inquisitive child who ventures to ask questions about sex is morally branded “a bad” child. Many society and homes consider discussion of sexual issues as a taboo. In view of this, most parents find it too difficult, awkward and uncomfortable to discuss sex-related issues with their children. Children are condemned when they mention a word referring to some sexual organ or act. Even the hands of babies are hit whenever they fondle with their sex organs. Due to this, throughout adolescence, the youth in the country learn about sex and sexuality in a variety of ways devoid, in most cases of factual and empirical information and in secrecy.
The child comes to know about sex possibly from an early age through relatives, friends, the elderly, movies, and drawing. A 14 year old boy was asked where he learned about sex, he responded “in the streets’. Asked if this was the only place, he said “well, I learned some from play boy and others sex magazines”. What about school, he was asked? He responded, “No, they talk about hygiene, but not much that could help you out”. When asked his parents’ contribution, he replied “they haven’t told me one thing” (Powers and Baskin, 1969). In a similar survey contained in the Population Report (1995), seventy-five percent of the students sampled preferred to discuss about bodily changes that occur during adolescence with peers of the same sex, non of them wanted it to be with their parents. As a result of a cultural taboo, adolescents in many developing countries rarely discuss sexual matters explicitly with their parents. Most information for their patchy knowledge often comes from peers of the same sex, who may themselves be uninformed or incorrectly informed. The end result to know about one’s sexual development, hence experimentation to explore one’s sexual life. The issue of introducing sex education has been a tropical and controversial one with two schools of thought emerging. This scholarly tug of war has engaged the attention of policy makers and government the world over, religious organization, parents and even children. Many are those who have called for its introduction due to the apparent havoc that irresponsible and unplanned sexual behavior brings. Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay
As a child reaches the adolescence stage, the interest in the opposite sex generates. This instinct – (sex drive) which has been present with the adolescent since childhood pushes him or her to ‘pet’, kiss and manipulate the sex organ, etc. Curiosity and experimentation of sex, which sometimes leads to teenage pregnancy and or contraction of STD (sexually transmitted diseases) are prevalent at this adolescent stage.
Statement of the Problem
A lot of sex related problems facing the youth of today is undoubtedly linked with lack of sex education. It is apt to point out that even though these (matters about sex) impinge generally on men, the vulnerable group is the youth, many of whom are not knowledgeable in matters concerning sex. In their bid to satisfy their curiosity, many a youth would like to experiment these things and inexperience usually lead them into dangerous consequences. Many a time, the adolescent receive wrong information and these myths and misconception are carried throughout their life time. Therefore, there is a need to provide adolescents with information so as to enable them to cope better with these changes (Sathe, 1992).
The fact is that with or without these services, the tendency towards precocious sexual relations, pregnancy in adolescence and the alarming increase in the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in these age groups, are commonplace and universal realities. It is necessary that the adolescent is made aware of these bodily changes through education before they occur so that they can adequately prepare themselves before the asset of puberty, and also help them engage in other activities rather than sexual manipulation. The study, therefore, sought to explore the adolescents’ opinion on various sexual issues that account for their sexual development and to establish the need for sex education in senior high schools in some selected schools in Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to: ·
Determine the nature of the adolescence thoughts and feelings towards sex education. ·
To find out the nature of adolescents thoughts and feelings towards sex education in relation to information given by parent, teachers, and other media. ·
To determine the extent to which gender, age grade and residence influence learner’s thought and feeling towards sex education.
Research Questions
The study sets out to examine or unravel the following research questions:
1. What is the nature of adolescents’ thoughts and feelings towards sex education?
2. What is the nature of adolescents’ thoughts and feelings towards sex education in relation to information given by parents, teachers, peers and other media?
3. How do the following variables influence the thoughts and feelings of adolescents towards sex education:Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay
– Age
– Resident
4. To what extent do students favour the teaching of sex education in schools?
5. In what ways can sex education be effectively promoted among adolescents in schools?
Scope of the Study
In any study, the scope is the area in which the research work is focused on or going to be carried out as a centre for the study.
The smaller the scope, the more manageable the study will be in terms of available resources, time, energy and intellectual materials.
The scope of this study is some selected secondary schools in Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State. Reasons being that:
1. Money and time constrain which would not enable the researcher to travel very far and wide for gathering information in respect of the project topic, hence the scope in Owan West.
2. The researcher hails from Owan West Local Government Area of Edo State and as a result, it will be easier for her to gather information because she is familiar to most of the children within the locality sampled.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay
Definition of Terms
The study deals with adolescent attitude towards sex education. There are three concepts involved in this study that need to be unpacked, namely; attitudes, adolescents and sex education.
Attitude is a disposition of respond favourably or unfavourably. In other words, attitudes are the thoughts and feelings that encourage someone to act as if he/she likes or dislike something. According to Coom (1996) an attitude is a learned predisposition to respond to people, objects or institution in a positive or negative way.
Adolescent can be described as the period between the later stage of childhood and early stage of adulthood (Health Foundation of Ghana, 2004). Adolescent therefore refers to boys and girls who falls within this stage or period, between the ages of 10 and 17 or the second decade of life.
Sex education is an openness, about sex in society where teachers at schools, parents at home and the department of education have to listen to communication and provide the knowledge about sex education to the adolescents. Sex education simply refers to the systematic attempt to promote the healthy awareness in the individual on matters of his or her sexual development, functioning behavior and attitudes through direct teaching.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

The present research study aims at finding out the difference between parents and teachers attitude towards sex-education. The research was carried out in Agra, UP on sample of 50 teachers and 50 parents of class XI and XII students. Researcher used self constructed tools for study. The conclusion, is that attitude of parents is higher than teachers towards sex-education. Parent attitude showing that, they are in favor of sex-education to their adolescents in the school and teacher’s attitude showing that, they are in favor of primary sex-education to adolescents start in the family. Attitude of higher secondary teachers and secondary teachers is same towards sex-education to adolescents. Need and Importance of the Study Sex is universally strong biological drive in the life of human beings. It plays an important role in the preservation and building of human society. Much attention has been given to this drive by societies since the dawn of human civilization. Psychoanalysts have tried to conceive a picture of the inner life of man in terms of sex energy, which is significant source of the action of human beings. The dynamic interplay of inner life of a person, his behavior, expression and experiences are attributed to this source of energy. Sex is supposed to provide certain influences that stress certain factors in human life. So, the normal and abnormal behaviour is related to sexual behaviour. To be natural and normal in this activity, sex-education is needed for human beings. These are represented by multidisciplinary fields of researches, as they related to biological, psychological, social, behavioral, religious and moral dimensions of human life. At all levels of human culture, instruction in matter of sex has been closely bound up with the social moves and the prevailing codes of ethics applied to sex conduct and in development of these codes, the religion has been a dominant factor. The declining influence of religious and social values and the increasing impact of scientific knowledge have brought the problem of sex-education into new focus. Culture in society has to be properly cultivated, so that future generation develops healthy attributes on sex. Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay Parents and teachers have to play the vital role in the life of the adolescents. Generally young adolescents use different strategies to satisfy their curiosities and queries about sex. If adults round them do not provide proper information about sex, adolescents may either draw the wrong conclusions based upon inaccurate knowledge or they will make up their own explanations. Today, parents have great responsibility in helping child to achieve these behavioural and value changes. For this, they should receive guidance and encouragement from responsible government officials, preferably through formal adult education programme. But the prime responsibility lies with the school system. The educational institutions are better equipped to guide and direct attitude formation, installing skills and competencies than other institution in adolescents about sex-education.

Sex education is a process that begins at birth and continues until the day you die. It is a process of building a strong foundation for sexual health. There are many misunderstandings and non-factual opinions that go along with this topic even though it is constantly discussed. It includes sexual development, reproduction, intimacy, gender roles and relationships.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

Sexual education should begin at home. Parents and guardians ought to be the primary instructors of sex education for their children. Daily, parents should take advantage of every opportunity to teach this subject to their children. From the beginning of a child’s life, they learn how to respond to affection, show love, and how to react in different types of relationships. Children even learn about their sexuality when their parents speak to them, change their clothes, play with them or teach them their body parts. As they progress from children to teenagers or adolescents they continue to learn about their sexualities consistently. However, some parents and guardians are very uncomfortable about talking about or providing information about sex or sexual education. They are either too embarrassed about talking about the extreme topic of sex, afraid of providing to much information to push their children to act on what they have told them or shy of not knowing the answers to the questions that their children might ask. Honest, open communication between parents and children through childhood, pre-teen, adolescent and young adulthood can help young people to mature into sexually healthy adults. Research has shown that parents and children have a range of discomfort levels when it comes to discussing sexuality.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

School-based sexuality education complements and supplements the sexuality education children receive from their families, religious and community groups. Therefore, due to the necessity of school-based sexuality education it is in my opinion that it be a part of the curriculum for students in the Bahamian High Schools that is junior and senior high. This course needs to be taught in the various high schools for a number of reasons including: to students to build a strong foundation, to decrease teenage pregnancy, to make students aware of Sexually Transmitted diseases and prevent them from occurring, to teach about abstinence, which is the better way and to inform the students about sexual orientation and homosexuality.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

The primary goal of sex education in the schools should be to help young people to build a foundation as they mature into sexually healthy adults. These programs should assist young people in understanding a positive view of sexuality, provide them with information and skills about taking care of their sexual health and help them make decisions about solving problems now and in the future. According to my interpretation, sex education should provide an opportunity for young people to develop and understand their values, attitudes, and beliefs about sexuality. This course should help young people to develop relationships and interpersonal skills and help them to exercise responsibility regarding sexual relationships including addressing abstinence, pressures to become prematurely involved in sexual intercourse and the use of contraception and other sexual health measures.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

Teenage Pregnancy is very rampant in today’s society. In a conversation with a senior high school teacher, she related that at least two young ladies from each senior class graduates being pregnant. She went on to say that this did not include the numerous others who end their classes prematurely as a result of their pregnant state and their inability to continue with regular schooling. What do you think is the cause of this? In my opinion the cause of pregnancies among these teenagers is incorrect education about sex from peers or neighbors or no sex education at all. If these students were educated from their entrance into the high school program with a sexual education class, the outcome might have been different. This does not mean that they would not have experimented with sexual intercourse or the opposite sex, it would have meant that they would have been better prepared to deal with the decisions or choices that they made. Sex education needs to be implemented in the high school coursework to make teenagers or pre-teens aware of the consequences of unprotected sex. Each of these teens or preteens will or have gone through puberty, therefore they need to be very well educated as to what can occur if they are sexually active, even for just one time. Sexual education would not stop teenage pregnancies but it indeed reduces them.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay


Homosexuality is another topic that sexuality education will discuss. Teenagers come into contact with homosexuals on a day to day basis. They are forced to deal with homosexuality in their homes, their neighborhoods, their churches and even in their schools. These students are in their teen or adolescent years where they are learning about who they are and what their feelings mean. In my opinion, homosexuality is a misunderstanding, one that can be easily adopted by teenagers who are easily misunderstood. If they are not taught about both heterosexuality and homosexuality, they can easily fall prey to the homosexuals who are lurking in the society’s shadows. Sexual education would encourage heterosexuality- healthy relationships between males and females. It would teach students about sexual preference and that homosexuality is not hereditary. It would also help students to deal with feelings toward the same sex and with homosexuals that they come in contact with.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

Some may say that if teenagers are taught about sex and sexuality that their interest in it will intensify thus, resulting in experimentation. Although this might indeed be a true statement that teenagers are very curious, “curious minds will experiment.” Sexuality education is not an either or proposition. The reality is that young people need and deserve information about abstinence and contraception. Sex education would teach that sexuality is a natural, normal part of life. Abstinence from sexual intercourse is the most effective method of preventing unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

Abstinence is in fact the better way. Adolescent or pre-teens should be encouraged by not only their parents to delay sexual acts until they are physically, cognitively and emotionally ready for mature sexual relationships and their consequences. The coursework of sex education would offer them a wide range of information exclusively on abstinence until marriage. Interventions that are effective in encouraging teenagers to postpone sexual intercourse helps them to develop interpersonal skills they need to resist premature sexual involvement. For interventions to be most effective, teenagers need to be exposed to these programs before they initiate intercourse, preferably during their high school years.Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

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The sex education curriculum when implemented into the high school system will be designed to promote knowledge about human development and reproduction, to make students aware of the consequences of all types of sexual activity, and to promote young people’s respect for and appreciation of themselves, their families and others. This implementation would in fact help to reduce teenage pregnancy, for the reason that important topics such as puberty, sexual health and hygiene, reproductive systems, pregnancy and contraception will be focused on. These topics will discuss abstinence, condom use, diversity, pregnancy options, safer sex and sexual behavior. Students have to be encouraged to accept the shared responsibility of pregnancy prevention by teachers explaining the consequences of premature and unprotected sexual activity, urging responsible decisions about sexual intercourse, and encouraging healthy, respectful and safe male and female relationships. Adolescent Attitude Towards Sex Education In The Senior Secondary School Essay

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