What specifically do you plan to investigate or implement?
Discussion: Risk of Falls Picot Styled Research
15-20 pages, apa format,
Arial or New Roman Times 12 Font
MCPP Format Section I
1. Student information section
• Student Name
• Student email address
• Student phone or contact information
• Name of project
o Topics are to be selected from the following disciplines:
• Potential site for project
2. PICOT/Project question
Please state your proposed PICOT question here. Use the elements of the PICOT sections below to describe each component. In your previous coursework, you may have read selections from textbooks, Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing & Healthcare or other required sources that reviewed this methodology.
P = Problem to be addressed
I = Intervention to be used
C= Is there a comparison?
O= Intended outcomes of the intervention
T= Proposed timeline if the project was to be implemented
3. The project is intended to address an area of need that has a possible gap in practice or policy. Identify and state the gap.
4. Provided a detailed analysis of the target population (e.g., age, socioeconomic level, education, etc.) and why the gap is a problem. This should be tied to a policy or evidenced-based guideline. This section should be referenced and all areas supported.
a.What specifically do you plan to investigate or implement?
b.How is it different or improves upon a current practice?
6. Is there a policy, practice or program to compare your project to? If so, what is it?
7. Every project must have an outcome that can be measured.
a.What are the intended outcomes?
b.How will the outcomes be measured:
c.If the project was implemented, what variables or characteristics would indicate that the project was successful?
d.How would you analyze your data?
8. What would be your proposed timeframe, if you were going to implement the project? Be specific.
9. How did you determine the need for the project?
10. Benefits of the project:
•How will this project benefit the community or population?
•How might the outcomes or findings be sustained after project completion?
•Why would your organization support this project?
•What potential benefits exist for the organization as a result of your project findings?
•What potential benefits exist for the identified population?
Literature review (AKA a Dirty Search)
• Review 15 articles and complete the attached table
2. Complete a one-page Executive Summary of your findings
Literature Review Table
Major Variables Studied and their Definitions
Appraisal: Worth to Practice
Harne-Britner et al. (2011)
Change theory in combination with aspects of behavioral, social science, and organizational theories by Bandura, Skinner, and Lewin
Random assignment of 3 nursing units into 2 experimental groups and 1 control group
Aims of the study were to determine (1) the effectiveness of educational and behavioral interventions on improving HH adherence; (2) whether improvements in HH adherence were sustained 6 months post intervention; and (3) the relationships between HH adherence and HAI rates on study units.
RNs and patient care assistants (PCAs) from 3 medical-surgical units within an urban health care system in Pennsylvania, USA
A total of 1203 observations (633 RNs and 570 PCAs) were completed
The control group received education in the form of a self-study module with a pre- and posttest. The experimental groups received the same education plus behavioral interventions. The Positive Reinforcement Experimental group’s behavioral interventions included individual and unit rewards for improved HH adherence and unit-based recognition by peers on a sticker chart. The Risk of Nonadherence Experimental group received additional educational sessions about microorganisms that are transmitted via hands
OBSERVATION =Watching one person having direct contact with a patient or handling patient equipment.
CLEANED HANDS = Washed at a sink and/or used alcohol gel from a dispenser (e.g., wall mounted, pocket-sized, or a bottle that is not wall mounted) before or after having direct contact with a patient or handling patient equipment.
AWARE OF MONITORING: You told the person you’re going to observe them or they verbally acknowledge that you are monitoring them
18 data collection periods per nursing unit
Data were collected each month during 3 time frames (5 AM–7 AM, 7:30 AM–9:30 AM, and 3:30 PM–5:30 PM) reflecting high work volume to ensure a representative sample
SPSS Statistics, Version 17.0
Chi-square analysis was used to determine whether the 3 nursing units had similar HH adherence rates before any intervention. The Fisher exact test was employed to determine whether the change in adherence rates on each unit was statistically significant.
Reported these data to the RN and PCA staff at monthly staff- and unit based quality meetings
Education paired with positive reinforcement behavioral interventions improved HH adherence after the first month (χ2 = 4.27; P = .039); but the improvement was not sustained over 6 months. There were no differences in infection rates between the treatment and control groups.
Assignment: Risk of Falls Picot Styled Research
You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.
Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.
Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.
The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.